Leverage Ratio


Leverage Ratio
1. Any ratio used to calculate the financial leverage of a company to get an idea of the company's methods of financing or to measure its ability to meet financial obligations. There are several different ratios, but the main factors looked at include debt, equity, assets and interest expenses.

2. A ratio used to measure a company's mix of operating costs, giving an idea of how changes in output will affect operating income. Fixed and variable costs are the two types of operating costs; depending on the company and the industry, the mix will differ.

1. The most well known financial leverage ratio is the debt-to-equity ratio. For example, if a company has $10M in debt and $20M in equity, it has a debt-to-equity ratio of 0.5 ($10M/$20M).

2. Companies with high fixed costs, after reaching the breakeven point, see a greater increase in operating revenue when output is increased compared to companies with high variable costs. The reason for this is that the costs have already been incurred, so every sale after the breakeven transfers to the operating income. On the other hand, a high variable cost company sees little increase in operating income with additional output, because costs continue to be imputed into the outputs. The degree of operating leverage is the ratio used to calculate this mix and its effects on operating income.


Investment dictionary. . 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • leverage ratio — USA leverage ratio, Also known as the debt/EBITDA ratio. The ratio of debt (borrowings) to EBITDA, often expressed as a percentage or ratio. It is often used as a measure of the risk attached to a company because a highly leveraged company has a… …   Law dictionary

  • Leverage ratio —   A measure that indicates the financial ability to meet debt service requirements and increase the value of the investment to the stockholders. (i.e., the ratio of total debt to total assets).   U.S. Dept. of Energy, Energy Information… …   Energy terms

  • Consumer leverage ratio — is a term popularized by William Jarvis and Dr. Ian C MacMillan in a series of articles in the Harvard Business Review and refers to the ratio of total household debt, as reported by the Federal Reserve System to disposable personal income, as… …   Wikipedia

  • Tier 1 Leverage Ratio — The relationship between a banking organization s core capital and total assets. The Federal Reserve develops capital adequacy guidelines for bank holding companies. The Tier 1 leverage ratio is calculated by dividing Tier 1 capital ratio by the… …   Investment dictionary

  • target leverage ratio — The ratio of the market value of debt to the total market value of the firm that management seeks to maintain. Bloomberg Financial Dictionary …   Financial and business terms

  • optimum leverage ratio — The borrowing level that maximizes the value of the firm. The cost of capital to the firm is minimized at that same level. Bloomberg Financial Dictionary …   Financial and business terms

  • leverage — le·ver·age 1 / le vrij, və rij/ n: the use of credit to enhance one s speculative capacity leverage 2 vt aged, ag·ing: to provide (as a corporation) or supplement (as money) with leverage Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996 …   Law dictionary

  • leverage — The ability to control large dollar amounts of a commodity with a comparatively small amount of capital. Chicago Board of Trade glossary The control of a larger sum of money with a smaller amount. By accepting the liability to purchase or deliver …   Financial and business terms

  • Leverage (finance) — In finance, leverage (sometimes referred to as gearing in the United Kingdom) is a general term for any technique to multiply gains and losses.[1] Common ways to attain leverage are borrowing money, buying fixed assets and using derivatives.[2]… …   Wikipedia

  • Leverage — The use of debt financing. The New York Times Financial Glossary * * * ▪ I. leverage le‧ver‧age 1 [ˈliːvrɪdʒ ǁ ˈle , ˈliː ] noun [uncountable] 1. the influence that one person or organization has on another: • It uses its considerable economic… …   Financial and business terms


We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.